It is generally accepted that Dante was born in in Florence. If it is true that he was born under the sign of Gemini—as reported in Paradiso According to the testimony of his own writings, at the age of nine he met for the first time the eight-year-old Beatrice Portinari, whom, subsequent to her death inDante consistently invoked as the key inspiration for his poetic vision and personal salvation.
The exact date of his birth is unknown, although it is generally believed to be around This can be deduced from autobiographic allusions in the Divine Comedy. Its first section, the Infernobegins, "Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita" "Midway upon the journey of our life"implying that Dante was around 35 years old, since the average lifespan according to the Bible Psalm Some verses of the Paradiso section of the Divine Comedy also provide a possible clue that he was born under the sign of Gemini: Inthe sun was in Gemini between approximately May 11 and June 11 Julian calendar.
He was clad always in most seemly attire, such as befitted his ripe years. His face was long, his nose aquiline, and his eyes big rather than small. His jaws were large, and his lower lip protruded.
He had a brown complexion, his hair and beard were thick, black, and curly, and his countenance was always melancholy and thoughtful. This suggests that Alighiero or his family may have enjoyed some protective prestige and status, although some suggest that the politically inactive Alighiero was of such low standing that he was not considered worth exiling.
The poet's mother was Bella, likely a member of the Abati family. It is uncertain whether he really married her, since widowers were socially limited in such matters, but this woman definitely bore him two children, Dante's half-brother Francesco and half-sister Tana Gaetana.
When Dante was 12, he was promised in marriage to Gemma di Manetto Donati, daughter of Manetto Donati, member of the powerful Donati family.
But by this time Dante had fallen in love with another, Beatrice Portinari known also as Bicewhom he first met when he was only nine.
Years after his marriage to Gemma he claims to have met Beatrice again; he wrote several sonnets to Beatrice but never mentioned Gemma in any of his poems. The exact date of his marriage is not known: To take any part in public life, one had to enroll in one of the city's many commercial or artisan guilds, so Dante entered the Physicians' and Apothecaries' Guild.
In the following years, his name is occasionally recorded as speaking or voting in the various councils of the republic. A substantial portion of minutes from such meetings in the years — was lost, however, so the true extent of Dante's participation in the city's councils is uncertain.
Gemma bore Dante several children. Although several others subsequently claimed to be his offspring, it is likely that only JacopoPietro, Giovanni, and Antonia were his actual children.
Antonia later became a nun, taking the name Sister Beatrice. Education and poetry[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message Not much is known about Dante's education; he presumably studied at home or in a chapter school attached to a church or monastery in Florence. It is known that he studied Tuscan poetry and that he admired the compositions of the Bolognese poet Guido Guinizelli —whom in Purgatorio XXVI he characterized as his "father"—at a time when the Sicilian school Scuola poetica Sicilianaa cultural group from Sicilywas becoming known in Tuscany.Dante: Dante Alighieri (–) was an Italian poet, prose writer, and political thinker who is best known for his epic poem The Divine Comedy.
Dante: The New Life, I-X. I Introduction. In that part of the book of my memory before which little can be read, there is a heading, which says: ‘Incipit vita nova: Here begins the new life’.Under that heading I find written the words that it is my intention to copy into this little book: and if not all, at least their essence.
Dante fought with the Guelph cavalry at the Battle of Campaldino (June 11, ). This victory brought about a reformation of the Florentine constitution. To take any part in public life, one had to enroll in one of the city's many commercial or artisan guilds, so Dante entered the Physicians' and Apothecaries' Guild.
Dante Alighieri The author of La Commedia (The Divine Comedy), considered a masterwork of world literature, Dante Alighieri was born Durante Alighieri in Florence, Italy, in .
Dante Alighieri was born in Florence, Italy in the middle of the 13th century and what is principally known of him comes from his own writings.
One of the world’s great literary masterpieces, the “Divine Comedy” is at its heart an allegorical tale regarding man’s search for yunusemremert.coms: 7.
The Divine Comedy (Italian: Divina Commedia [diˈviːna komˈmɛːdja]) is an Italian long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c.
and completed in , a year before his death in It is widely considered to be the preeminent work in Italian literature  .