Any nation that wants to be recognized as a developed country must build its human resources firmly. Hence, a country is said to be technologically developed, if majority of her populace are well educated. Therefore, those that impart the needed knowledge or those that build and mould character must be motivated adequately because motivation is the key to performance and improvement. Hence it is believed that a motivated teacher always complete the tasks set for him, even when such tasks or assignments are difficult or seen uninteresting.
This chapter presents the construction of the ArchiMate architecture modeling language. The precise definition and illustration of its generic set of core concepts and relationships follow in Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7.
The concepts and relationships of the two language extensions are described in more detail in Chapters 10 and They provide a proper basis for visualization, analysis, tooling, and use of these concepts and relationships.
Figure 1 illustrates that concepts can be described at different levels of specialization. Metamodels at Different Levels of Specificity At the base of the triangle we find the metamodels of the architecture modeling concepts used by specific organizations, as well as a Concepts of motivation of existing modeling languages and standards; UML is an example of a language in this category.
The design of the ArchiMate language started from a set of relatively generic concepts higher up in the pyramid. These have been specialized towards application at different architectural layers, as explained below in the following sections.
The most important design restriction on the language is that it has been explicitly designed to be as small as possible, but still usable for most enterprise architecture modeling tasks.
Many other languages, such as UML 2. The active structure elements are the business actors, application components, and devices that display actual behavior; i.
Then there is the behavioral or dynamic aspect center of Figure 2. The active structure concepts are assigned to behavioral concepts, to show who or what performs the behavior.
A passive structure element is defined as an object on which behavior is performed.
In the domain of information-intensive organizations, which is the main focus of the language, passive structure elements are usually information or data objects, but they may also be used to represent physical objects. These three aspects — active structure, behavior, and passive structure — have been inspired by natural language, where a sentence has a subject active structurea verb behaviorand an object passive structure.
Second, we make a distinction between an external view and an internal view on systems. When looking at the behavioral aspect, these views reflect the principles of service orientation.
The Core Concepts of ArchiMate  Thus, the service is the externally visible behavior of the providing system, from the perspective of systems that use that service; the environment consists of everything outside this providing system.
For the external users, only this exposed functionality and value, together with non-functional aspects such as the quality of service, costs, etc.
Services are accessible through interfaces, which constitute the external view on the active structural aspect. An interface provides an external view on the service provider and hides its internal structure.
This collective behavior can be modeled as an interaction. Collaboration and Interaction 2. Several of these relationships have been adopted from corresponding relationship concepts that occur in existing standards; e.
Refer to Section 7. Furthermore, aggregation, composition, and specialization relationships are always permitted between two elements that have the same type. The general structure of models within the different layers is similar. The same types of concepts and relationships are used, although their exact nature and granularity differ.
In Chapters 3, 4, and 5, we further develop these concepts to obtain concepts specific to a particular layer.
Figure 2 shows the central structure that is found in each layer. Note, however, that services need not only be used by elements in a higher layer, but also can be used by elements in the same layer.
A second type of link is formed by realization relationships: It is important to realize that the classification of concepts based on aspects and layers is only a global one.
It is impossible to define a strict boundary between the aspects and layers, because concepts that link the different aspects and layers play a central role in a coherent architectural description.
Architectural Framework The structure of the framework allows for modeling of the enterprise from different viewpoints, where the position within the cells highlights the concerns of the stakeholder. A stakeholder typically can have concerns that cover multiple cells.
The dimensions of the framework are as follows: The three levels at which an enterprise can be modeled — business, application, and technology: Behavioral concepts are assigned to structural concepts, to show who or what displays the behavior.
These are usually information objects in the business layer and data objects in the application layer, but they may also be used to represent physical objects.The Journal of General Psychology, , 68, THE CONCEPT OF MOTIVATION-Department of Psychology, Washington University MARION E.
BUNCH A. INTRODUCTION One of the major concepts in psychology is that of motivation. In a basic survey text, Motivation to Learn: From Theory to Practice (2d ed., ), Deborah Stipek discusses reinforcement theory, social cognitive theory, intrinsic motivation, need for achievement theory, attribution theory, and perceptions of ability.
In Appendix 2-A, she presents a rating form and scoring procedure with which teachers can. In this presentation, we are only interested in the fifth hypothesis -- The Affective Filter Hypothesis-- which stipulates that a number of 'affective variables' play a facilitative, but non-causal, role in second language yunusemremert.com variables include: motivation, self-confidence and yunusemremert.comn claims that learners with high motivation, self .
Frederick Herzberg; Born April 18, Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.: Died: January 19, (aged 76) University Hospital, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, U.S. Alma. Corporate motivation events and motivational activities in Johannesburg, Durban, Cape Town, Pretoria and throughout South Africa.
Outdoor and indoor, interactive motivation activities at Movers & Shakers, South Africa's premier employee & company motivators. MBO operationalizes the concept of objectives by devising a process by which objectives cascade down through the organization.
The result is a hierarchy of objectives .