You should compile a bibliography when writing an essay, article, or research paper that relies heavily on source material. A bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that have been used to compile data, typically in an article, essay, or research paper. It also allows a writer to give proper credit for quotes or key phrases that have been written and presented in a source that they may have referenced in their paper so as to avoid plagiarism. Bibliography for Books The basic information you should cite when referencing a book includes; the author surname first, followed by their given name or initialsthe book title in italicsthe publisher, as well as the place and date of publication.
Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the Modern Language Association MLA. For more information on the MLA format, see http: Basics Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, Works Cited.
For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July. Use either the day-month-year style 22 July or the month-day-year style July 22, and be consistent.
With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there. When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics.
If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below.
Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Our examples use italics. Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation The MLA guidelines specify using title case capitalization - capitalize the first words, the last words, and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms.
Use lowercase abbreviations to identify the parts of a work e. Separate author, title, and publication information with a period followed by one space.
Use a colon and a space to separate a title from a subtitle. Include other kinds of punctuation only if it is part of the title. Use quotation marks to indicate the titles of short works appearing within larger works e. Also use quotation marks for titles of unpublished works and songs.
Format Examples Books Format: Publishing company, publication date. Vanishing Wildlife of North America. National Geographic Society, A History of the Heroes of the Imagination.
Searles, Baird, and Martin Last.
Facts on File, Inc. If the dictionary or encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, you may omit volume and page numbers. Pettingill, Olin Sewall, Jr.
Levinson, David, and Melvin M.
Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology. If an edition is named on the masthead, add a comma after the date and specify the edition. Website or Webpage Format: Electronic publication information Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization.
If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies.Then, on the back of the bibliography card, write a brief summary about the source so that you remember why you chose that source for your research paper.
Note Cards and Organization The bibliography card also helps you organize your notes from the source on the note cards. How to Write a Bibliography for a Research Paper Writing a bibliography is easy by following the format outlined in this article.
Learn how to properly cite different resources in the bibliography of a research paper, and how to format those citations, for books, encyclopedias, films, websites, and people. Feb 13, · Edit Article How to Write a Bibliography.
Four Methods: Sample Bibliographies Writing an APA Bibliography Writing a MLA Bibliography Writing a CMS Bibliography Community Q&A When you write a paper or a book, it's important to include a bibliography.
A bibliography tells your reader what sources you've used%(23). At the bottom of the card, write the first word from your bibliography card, most likely the author’s last name, and the page number from the source.
Place this text in parentheses. For example, write, “(Hawking 84),” though you won't use quotation marks on your card. In MLA format, there is no comma between the last name and page number. A bibliography, by definition, is the detailed listing of the books, journals, magazines, or online sources that an author has used in researching and writing their work.
A bibliography, by definition, is the detailed listing of the books, journals, magazines, or online sources that an author has used in researching and writing their work.