I was quickly attracted to its opening expositions on the process of scientific discovery. Polanyi described how his own insights in the field of chemistry emerged through insights for which he then had to find validating evidence. From this he began a critique of myths concerning scientific research. I returned to Polanyi over a year later frustrated with the limitations of materialistic conceptions of science, the determinism inherent in aspects of the empirical model, and with growing suspicions that all accounts of knowledge dependent primarily on rationality ultimately lead to a dichotomy between mind and body which I felt solipsistic 4.
This turn involved seeing science as a socially based enterprise that does not rely on empiricism and reason alone but on social communities, behavioral norms, and personal commitments.
Nye argues that the roots of the social turn are to be found in the scientific culture and political events of Europe in the s, when scientific intellectuals struggled to defend the universal status of scientific knowledge and to justify public support for science in an era of economic catastrophe, Stalinism and Fascism, and increased demands for applications of science to industry and social welfare.
At the center of this struggle was Polanyi, who Nye contends was one of the first advocates of this new conception of science. Merton—and the next, such as Thomas Kuhn, forged a politically charged philosophy of science, one that newly emphasized the social construction of science.
Michael Polanyi and His Generation is an impressive intellectual achievement, a book that will be read with pleasure and profit by multiple audiences. It is thus much more than a simple biography of the physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanayi, as it provides a substantive analysis of the scientific und intellectual context of his life and work, merging history and philosophy of science with intellectual and social history.
I have read this book twice and look forward to reading it again to savor her understanding of what made Polanyi excel both in science and in his philosophy of science. Polanyi planted seeds that are still bearing fruit; Nye helps gather in the harvest.
Moleski, coauthor of Michael Polanyi: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy. Close attention to her arguments will reward patient readers from any academic background. Due to the scope of the inquiry, readers like this reviewer may encounter individuals and ideas previously unknown to them from the fields of sociology, philosophy, economics, and politics, in addition to a number of lesser known scientists.
But there Nye does not stop. Merton, and Friedrich von Hayek. For anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science in the twentieth century there is literally something for everyone, and everything in the book is of value. I strongly recommend that you read her book yourself.
You will not be disappointed. · Polanyi’s “The Republic of Science: Its Political and Economic Theory,” published in , is the text that best illustrates what Koch is trying to do with his massive personal fortune — and the contradictions and controversies that come with yunusemremert.com://yunusemremert.com Fig1: Professor Michael Polanyi, yunusemremert.com the Michael Polanyi Papers, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago, Box 45, folder 3 Mentions: Polanyi recounts a segment of this broadcast in his essay, “The republic of science,” published in the first issue of the journal Minerva under the heavy, green editorial pen of sociologist Edward yunusemremert.com://yunusemremert.com?img=PMC_ · they certainly appear elsewhere) is Polanyi’s essay “The Republic of Science: Its Political and Economic Theory” originally published in the inaugural issue of Minerva, edited by Polanyi’s friend Edward yunusemremert.com://yunusemremert.com~cheminfo/polanyi//polpdf.
· Tacit knowledge is today a key concept in history and sociology of science and, primarily because of the significance of this concept, Michael Polanyi is regarded, alongside other figures such as Ludwig Fleck, Karl Mannheim, Robert K.
Merton, and Thomas Kuhn as a forerunner of contemporary social studies of yunusemremert.com://yunusemremert.com · Michael and Karl Polanyi: brothers bonded together in family affection, separated by differences in social philosophy. Such a summarizing statement, while much too facile, offers a beginning point for reflection much like a drawn caricature highlights significant features in a subject while ignoring the telling details that constitute a true yunusemremert.com://yunusemremert.com Michael Polanyi spent his long career thinking and writing about the workings of science and the scientific community.
Moreover, he saw in the workings of that community the core principles and practices of the good political republic, as spelled out in his famous essay, ‘The Republic of Science’.
There is, however, a tension between his political .