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Conception[ edit ] The renowned Greek sculptor Polykleitos designed a sculptural work as a demonstration of his written treatise, entitled the " Kanon " or Canon, translated as "measure" or "rule"exemplifying what he considered to be the perfectly harmonious and balanced proportions of the human body in the sculpted form.
Sometime in the 2nd century CE, the Greek medical writer Galen wrote about the Doryphoros as the perfect visual expression of the Greeks' search for harmony and beauty, which is rendered in the perfectly proportioned sculpted male nude: Chrysippos holds beauty to consist not in the commensurability or "symmetria" [ie proportions] of the constituent elements [of the body], but in the commensurability of the parts, such as that of finger to finger, and of all the fingers to the palm and wrist, and of those to the forearm, and of the forearm to the upper arm, and in fact, of everything to everything else, just as it is written in the Canon of Polyclitus.
For having taught us in that work all the proportions of the body, Polyclitus supported his treatise with a work: He was interested in the mathematical proportions of the human form, which led him to write an essay the Kanon, on the proportions of humans. The Doryphoros is an illustration of his writings in Kanon on the symmetria between the body parts.
Polykleitos achieved a balance between muscular tensions and relaxation due to the chiastic principle that he relied on. The original was made out of bronze in about BCE, but is now lost along with every other bronze sculpture made by a known Greek artist.
Neither the original statue nor the treatise have yet been found; it is widely considered that they have not survived from antiquity.
Fortunately, several Roman copies in marble—of varying quality and completeness—do survive to convey the essential form of Polykleitos' work.
The sculpture stands at approximately 6. Polykleitos used distinct proportions when creating this work; for example, the ratio of head to body size is one to seven. His head turned slightly to the right, the heavily-muscled but athletic figure of the Doryphoros is depicted standing in the instant that he steps forward from a static pose.
This posture reflects only the slightest incipient movement, and yet the limbs and torso are shown as fully responsive. The left hand originally held a long spear; the left shoulder on which the spear originally rested is depicted as tensed and therefore slightly raised, with the left arm bent and tensed to maintain the spear's position.
The figure's left leg pushes off from behind the right foot; the leg bears no weight and the left hip drops, slightly extending the torso on the left side. The figure's right arm hangs positioned by his side, perhaps held slightly away from the torso for balance, but otherwise bearing no load—the right shoulder is therefore slightly lowered.
The figure's right leg is shown as supporting the body's weight, therefore tensed, with the right hip raised and the muscles of the right torso shown as contracted.
The resulting characteristic of Polykleitos' Doryphoros is classical contrappostomost obviously seen in the angled positioning of the pelvis. In the surviving Roman marble copies, a large sculpted tree stump is obtrusively added behind one leg of the statue in order to support the weight of the stone; this would not have been present in the original bronze the tensile strength of the metal would have made this unnecessary.
A small strut is also usually present to support the right hand and lower arm. A Study in Ideal Form: Held in the same museum is a bronze herma of Apollonios [height 0.Nov 24, · Polykleitos doryphoros essay vorbehaltsgut beispiel essay role of magistrates essay help electronic voting research paper construction industry dissertation zapateado song names in an essay essay for save environment image old english literature critical essays on romeo essay on kolkata the city of joy ustream gender studies essay minimum word limit for extended essay essay om at blive.
Essay about Doryphoros - Doryphoros by Polykleitos was originally a Greek bronze made around B.C. The only way we can see it today is through the Roman marble copies (which is .
The Doryphoros, dates from BC, it is a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze sculpture and carved by the sculptor Polykleitos - The doryphoros introduction. The sculpture shows athleticism at its finest, it had a balanced figure with idealized proportions sculpted in the round.
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Polykleitos doryphoros essay about myself. State and federal aid essay eda marijuana essay thesis velvet plant characteristics essay. The old man and the sea argumentative essayMarriage a la mode painting analysis essay cte football research paper night elie wiesel essay hook. The Doryphoros (Spear-Bearer) in the Naples museum (image above) is a Roman copy of a lost Greek original that we think was found, largely intact, in the provincial Roman city of Pompeii.* The canon The idea of a canon, a rule for a standard of beauty developed for artists to .